SAT Essay Purpose and Supporting Research

New SAT Essay

The 2016 SAT includes an essay section which has been significantly redesigned. Students are no longer required to complete the essay, but universities that are many the submission of essay scores, plus the College Board recommends that all students take this part of the SAT in order to demonstrate reading, writing, and analysis skills. Enough time given for the essay happens to be doubled to 50 minutes, and the essay task has become centered on analysis of a quarrel instead of taking a situation on a problem. Students write a single essay based on a prompt that is largely consistent across all administrations for the SAT.

The school Board cites the need to essay that is separate from other verbal skills and institutional desire for more specific essay scoring criteria whilst the major reasons for the SAT essay redesign, but popular criticism was certainly also one factor. Opponents for the old essay that is SAT the assessment as an unhealthy and somewhat arbitrary predictor of college success. These criticisms were to varying degrees supported by independent research. One study, for example, found a correlation that is strong essay length and score.

The essay prompt for the 2016 SAT asks students to analyze a text that is between 650 and 750 words in length. All essay reading passages are argumentative, designed for general readerships, and extracted from historical or sources that are contemporary. Student essays must consider use that is author of to guide claims, reasoning to develop ideas and also to connect claims, and stylistic and persuasive elements such as for example word choice or appeals to emotion. In their essays, students should analyze the argument advanced when you look at the reading passage rather than come up with their views that are own the subject. The consistent nature for the essay prompt means that test-takers will understand the essay that is basic in advance, even though they will not know the particular reading passage in advance. This change is seen as an effort to more closely align the SAT essay with the kinds of essays which can be written on college exams.

SAT Essay Scoring

The 2016 SAT essay is scored separately from the Evidence-Based Reading and Writing and Math sections. Three scores are given: Reading, Analysis, and Writing. Each one of these should be on a scale of 2-8. Two scorers read each essay independently and offer a score of just one to 4 in each area. A score of 4 is regarded as “Advanced,” while 1 is “Inadequate.” Evaluation criteria include comprehension of essay reading passages, explanation and analysis of argument, and effectiveness of essay writing.

Student preparation should emphasize analytical skills paper writer with regards to written texts in a range that is broad of publications. An SAT that is experienced can offer relevant reading lists, knowledge of the way the SAT essay is scored, differentiated instruction in terms of essay-writing skill development, and assessment of progress. Informed sources generally agree that private SAT preparation is more advanced than self-study methods or pre-recorded video instruction as a result of the presence of a live teacher.

The SAT Essay is meant to mix with the Writing and Language Test to produce a broad assessment of writing skills. College Board goals which are relevant to the SAT Essay include “an emphasis on source analysis and use of evidence,” “attention to a core group of important English language conventions also to effective written expression,” and “text complexity aligned to college and career readiness amounts of reading.” Research has shown that college texts are a lot more challenging than all of the materials that students encounter in twelfth grade. A 2009 study demonstrated a steady and lengthy decline in the complexity of texts used in the secondary level, and College Board data on SAT scores verify that not enough students are graduating from senior school aided by the verbal skills required by college courses. According to College Board surveys, postsecondary instructors consider textual analysis to be probably one of the most essential of college-level skills. Studies also indicate that writing abilities may not be acquired through direct instruction alone; opportunities for regular practice must be included. The newest SAT Essay is designed to address these issues and improve on older writing assessments that numerous educators saw as arbitrary with regards to evaluation criteria much less than ideal with respect to pedagogical or value that is predictive.